Benefits of Brinjal (Baigan)


Botanical Name : Solamum melongena

Family Name      : Solanaceae

Hindi Name         : Baigan


Brinjal plant is erect and herbaceous plant with branched stems. It can grow to a height of 28 inches or more. The alternate, petiolate leaves are ovate-elliptic with an acute apex; they are entirely or lobate-dentate and slightly woolly haired. The flowers, which are carried on pedicels and arise from the leaf axils, have a many-lobed calyx and a many-lobed tubular, violet coroblla. The fruit is a large, ellipsoid or globose berry containing firm, fleshy material and a great many brown seeds.


Originally from India, this plant was introduced into Europe many years ago and now it is cultivated there. It is seldom found growing wild. It is gathered from summer to autumn. .

Parts Used

Fruit, leaves.


Hypotensive, antihaemorrhoidal, cholesterol regulator, antidiabetic.

Forms of Use

Decoction, tincture, ointment.

Medicinal Uses

(i) The fruit is an excellent cholesterol regulator.

(ii) It is very effective too, when used externally in a fat or oil-based preparation to relieve haemorrhoidal discomfort.

(iii) It is very nutritious and is sometimes referred to as poor man's meat.

(iv) It is anti-diabetic and used to check diabetes.

(v) It reduces swellings of legs, its decoction is applied gradually over the parts.                


(vi) Crush the fruit and squeeze juice. Apply juice on the palm and sale. It will check perspiration acting as sweat preventive. 

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