Essay on Indias Nuclear Policy
Indias Nuclear Policy
India has been a nation of peace and ideals right from the dawn of civilization. We have hourished the lessons of love, peace and fraternity. But with the advancement of science India has also recognised the value of arms and weapons, though it has always avoided war. Nuclear policy is the outcome of this interest.
Our leaders, right from Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru down to the present Prime Minister, said that India does not want to go nuclear in the sense of building up nuclear war-potential. It is now high time, we should give a fresh thought to it. This is essential by the fact that our immediate neighbour under the military government has acquired a nuclear capacity. Although we have been trying our level best to be on friendly terms with Pakistan. The leaders of Pakistan have always been thwarting our peaceful and friendly gestures.
The earlier suspicion that Pakistan has been acquiring nuclear material and was getting ready to manufacture a nuclear bomb in a very short time, have been confirmed on official grounds. Pakistan now has a military nuclear capability. Another important thing is that Pakistan has purchased the ultra modern nuclear technology from Germany, France and the Netherland. The plant recently secured by Pakistan is for Light Water Reactors (LWRs). Now Pakistan is able to match our nuclear technology and it has become a danger to our national security. It is said that Pakistan has made atom bombs.
There has always been controversies regarding nuclear policy. A group of politicians has opposed it while other has promoted the idea of having it. Even the super powers like U.S. and Russia think that nuclear powers bring down to humanity. Still they promote it a large scale. They teach disarmament but themselves use arms extensively. However it is wise to have nuclear power for self defence. Keeping this view in mind our government has developed nuclear power activity.
The present situation demands that we should keep our knowledge in "the nuclear field up-to-date. So India conducted the first test on May 18, 1974. After this for a long time there was no test employing its nuclear energy for peaceful purposes only. India conducted three nuclear tests on May 11, 1998 at 8 p.m. and two more tests on May 13, 1998 in Pokhran. These tests provide reassurance to the people of India regarding national security. There was no release of radio-activity into the atmosphere. While India conducted only 6 nuclear tests, the U.S.A. conducted 1200, Russia 700 and China 45. So these countries should not criticize the policy of India-India needs no moral sermons.
The Clinton Administration has imposed economic sanctions against India as a result of nuclear test conducted in May 1998. Just after the nuclear test the United States and other countries urged India to sign C.T.B.T. unconditionally. But India had its objections: (i) The treaty does not take into account India's security consideration; (ii) It does not link to total nuclear disarmament etc. On the positive front Russia was the first nuclear weapon state to express its willingness to recognise India as a nuclear weapon state.
Addressing a gathering of scientists at the National Physical Laboratory, the then Prime Minister, Mr. Vajpayee told that May 11, 1998 will be celebrated as Technology Day or Resurgence Day. It is a tribute to the capacity, calibre and dedication of our nuclear scientists, engineers, technicians and soldiers. It is also an honour to the country's achievements in science. Mr. Vajpayee admitted that the country has a long way to go towards fulfilment of the material, social and cultural needs of the common people but national development depends on our national security. Development is inseparable from national security. Recently the UPA government under the leadership of Dr. Manmohan Singh has agreed upon a nuclear deal with US. It has opened a lot of new avenues for our country. Our country will have an opportunity to see a completely new horizon. It was such a big step that Dr Manmohan Singh did not hesitate to put his government on hold. The coalition partner CPI (M) withdraw its support at this issue. However government survived and was also reelected to power for the next term. It means people of India too want to advance in nuclear power.