Benefits of Date or Khajoor
Botanical Name : Phoenix dactylifera
Family Name : Pinaceae
Hindi Name : Khajoor
Sanskrit Name : Kharjoor
English Name : Date
The date tree is tall, up to 36 m in height, cultivated or occasionally found self-sown in some parts of India. Its trunk covered with persistent bases of petioles, the base usually surrounded by a mass of offshoots or suckers; leaves in open crown, pinnate, up to 5 m long, greyish green; pinnae 20-40 cm long, linear, keeled, lower pinnae modified into spines; flowers in branched spadices, small; fruit an oblong berry, 2.5-7.5 cm long reddish or yellowish brown when ripe.
Date palm has been known to exist from prehistoric times in the warm dry zones. It is believed to be indigenous to Persian Gulf, Iran being the most important centre of the date production. In India, it is cultivated in Rajasthan, Gujarat and Punjab.
Nutritive, tonic, demulcent, expectorant, laxative & aphrodisiac.
Forms of Use
Fruit is eaten raw. Dried fruit is also used.
Dates are rich in sugars and are eaten fresh or dried. They form an important item of food in the Arabian countries from time immemorial. Presence of zinc, arsenic and iodine is also reported.
The main components of ripe dates are sugars (85% of total solids) mainly sucrose & invert sugar (glucose + flucose).
(i) Dates are demulcent, expectorant and laxative and are used in respiratory diseases and fever.
(ii) They are also reported to be used in cases of memory disturbance.
(iii) Dates are powerful nutritious fruit, useful in anaemia.
(iv) It is aphrodisiac in nature.
(v) Dried dates soaked in milk are highly nutritious and give vitality.
(vi) Date is prescribed in asthma, chest complaint & cough.
(vii) It is also useful in gonorrhoea.