Benefits of Jujube (Baer)
Botanical Name : Zizyphus martiana
Family Name : Rhamnaceae
Hindi Name : Baer
Jujube tree is small, evergreen but of variable size, up to 15 m or more with a spreading crown and stipular spines. Back rough, grey or dull block; leaves variable, oblong-elliptic, ovate or suborbicular, closely serrulate or entire, rounded at both ends, prominently 3-nerved; flowers greenish yellow, in axillary cynes; fruits oblong-globose or ovoid, red, orange or yellowish.
Baer is found both wild and cultivated throughout the greater part of India, ascending to an altitude of 1,500 m in the Himalayas.
Astringent and stomachic.
Forms of Use
Fruit as such, leaves decoction.
Baer fruit is eaten fresh. It is a good source of vitamin C and sugar and contains appreciable amount of mineral constituents.
Citric acid is the major acid in the fruits, malic and oxalic acids being present in smaller amounts.
Large-sized fruits, which just begin to turn yellow, are chosen for canning. They are deeply pricked and soaked in 2 per cent common salt solution. The concentration of the salt solution is increased every day by about 2 per cent till it becomes 8 per cent. Fruits are then transferred to fresh 8 per cent salt solution, also containing 0.2 per cent of pot. meta-bi-sulphite, and stored for 1-3 months. The fruits are now washed in water till they become tender, and canned in the usual way in hot sugar syrup containing citric acid.
(i) The unripe baer fruit increases thirst, lessens expectoration and biliousness.
(ii) The ripe fruit is sweet, sour, and has flavour, not good for digestion; causes diarrhoea in large doses.
(iii) The fruit is useful in fevers and for wounds and ulcers.
(iv) The seed is an aid to digestion.
(v) The dried ripe fruit is a mild laxative and expectorant.
(vi) The fruit seed is astringent; tonic to the heart and brain; allays thirst.
(vii) The berries are blood purifier and an aid to digestion.
(viii) An ointment made of the seeds with some bland oil is locally used as a liniment in rheumatism.
(ix) The plant is considered to have antitubercular properties.
(x) The seeds are also reported to have a sedative effect and recommended as a soporific.
(xi) They are also prescribed to stop nausea and vomiting and for relief from abdominal pain in pregnancy.
(xii) They are also given as an antidote to aconite poisoning, and used in poultices & other applications for wounds.
(xiii) The seeds- are also used for the treatment of diarrhoea.
(xiv) Badri is mentioned in the list of oral contraceptives.