Benefits of Papaya (Papita)
Botanical Name : Carica papaya
Family Name : Caricaceae
Hindi Name : Papita
Papaya' is one of the most valuable tropical fruits, It is large and fleshy. Its weight varies from 112 to 2 kg and is pear- shaped. Its central cavity may contain seeds or may be seedless. On ripening, it becomes yellow and sweet in taste.
Papaya has its origin in Mexico and Costa Rica. It is now widely cultivated in India and mostly in all countries of the world. It has a typical aroma and delicious taste.
Cardio-tonic, carminative, digestant, anti-constipation, anthelmintic, anti-haemorrhoidal etc.
Forms of Use
Fruit is eaten.
Papaya is a wholesome fruit containing proteins, minerals, vitamins, carotenes etc. Its carbohydrate content is mainly of invert sugar which is a form of predigested food.
(i) It has established medicinal values from the ancient times. It is not only one of the most easily digested fruits but also aids in digestion of other foods.
(ii) Ripe papaya is an excellent tonic for growing children, pregnant women and nursing mothers. It is an energy- giving food.
(iii) Papaya contains protein-digesting enzyme in the milky juice or latex, which flows in a network of nerves in the whole plant. This enzyme is like that of pepsin and its digestive action is so powerful that it can digest 200 times its own weight in protein. Its effect is to assist the body's own enzymes in assimilating the maximum nutritional value from food to provide energy and body building material.
(iv) Intestinal Disorders - Papain in the raw papaya is highly beneficial in the deficiency of gastric juice, excess of unhealthy mucus in the stomach, in dyspepsia and intestinal irritation. The ripe fruit, if eaten regularly, corrects habitual constipation, bleeding piles and chronic diarrhoea. The juice of the papaya seeds is also useful in dyspepsia and bleeding piles.
(v) Round Worms - The digestive enzyme papain in the milky juice of the unripe papaya is a powerful anthelmentic (it destroys roundworms). A tablespoonful of the fresh juice and equal quantity of honey should be mixed with 3/4 tsf of hot water and taken as a dose by an adult followed by 30 ml castor oil in 250 ml milk. Repeat it two times.
(vi) In Menses - The unripe papaya helps the contraction of the muscle fibres of the womb and is thus useful in regulating improper menstrual flow.
(vii) Liver and Spleen - It is liver corrective and useful in cirrhosis of the liver caused by alcohol and malnutrition. Ripe papaya is highly valuable in enlargement of the spleen. The fruit should be peeled off, cut into pieces and dipped' in vinegar for a week and after that, 2/3 pieces should be taken with meals. In Malaria also, spleen sometimes increases.