Benefits of Pear (Naspati)
Botanical Name : Pyrus communis
Family Name : Rosaceae
Hindi Name : Naspati
Pear grows on a tree with a broad pyramidal crown, leaves orbicular-ovate to elliptic, crenate-serrate, flowers white, in few flowered corymbs, fruits variable, turbinate or subglobose, calyx lobes persistent, the flesh with gritty concretions.
Pear is grown in the temperate regions of Europe and West Asia. In India, it is cultivated on small scale (as compared to apple) in Punjab, Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Chennai, Assam, Bengal and U.P.
Astringent, sedative, febrifuge.
Forms of Use
Fruit eaten raw.
Pears are consumed in India primarily as. fresh fruit. A sample of pear contains: acid (as malic acid), 0.24%; reducing sugar, 8.2%; total sugars (as invert sugar), 10.8%. The minerals in pears include--boron, copper, molybdenum, zinc, cobalt, arsenic, fluorine and iodine.
Reducing sugars, of which fructose is the major component, constitute over 80% of the total sugar present in pears.
Pear also contains a number of important amino acids apart from biotin (Vitamin H), pantho-thenic acid, folic acid and vitamin B12.
Canned pear, pear juice and dried pear are the products prepared from firm ripe pears.
For canned pear, fruits are peeled and cut into halves, and core removed. They are then kept in salt solution (1-2%) to prevent browning, syruped, sterlized and then promptly cooled in cans. Syrup-packed canned pears contain: Water, 81.,.%; protein, 1.2%; fat, 0.1 %; carbohydrate, 18.4%; fibre, 0.8% and ash, 0.2%.
Juice obtained from ripe pears has excellent flavour. It is used in jellies and sherbets and after acidification as beverage and bear nectar.
Dried pear is prepared by sun-drying of pears, cut, sulphured and again kept in the sun for a day or two. Dried pear contains: Protein, 4.4-5.1 %; Carbohydrate, 63.2-64.2%; and ash 1.2-1.4%; calcium, 25-29mg; phosphorus, 29.2-39.2 mg; iron, 0.25-0.64% and potassium, 543-741 mg, 543-741 mg; beta- carotene (as vitamin A), 20 IU/100 g.
(i) Pears are a good source of pectin, containing fair amount of invert sugars and thiamine (Vitamin B,).
(ii) They are reported to help in maintaining a desirable acid-base balance in the human body.
(iii) Pears have been recommended to patients suffering from diabetes because of their low sucrose content.
(iv) They are also found to be fever reducing.
(v) They are slightly sedative in action, and induce sleep when taken too much.