Benefits of Pineapple (Anannas)
Botanical Name : Ananas Comosus, L.
Family Name : Bromeliaceae
Hindi Name : Anannas
This is a small genus of five species, native to tropical America. A. comosus, the polymorphic species, is cultivated widely in tropical countries for its succulent fruit.
The pineapple plant is a perennial, erect herb, with a short stem bearing a rosette of leaves 2-3 ft. long, with prickly margins and spiny tips. The fruit, which has a rough surface and a crown of small leaves, has succulent flesh of yellow to light orange colour.
Pineapple is indigenous to Brazil. It was introduced into India about the middle of the 16th century. It is cultivated in Assam, Bengal and along the West coast. Hawaii and Malaya are the largest pineapple producing countries.
The fruit matures quickly and possesses good taste and flavour. Its average weight is 1.5-2 kg.
Although pineapple can be grown under a variety of conditions, it thrives best in places having a mild and humid tropical climate. It flourishes best in places where the annual rainfall is about 50 inches, evenly distributed throughout the year.
Ripe, unripe fruits and leaves.
Astringent, digestive, abortifacient, anthemintic, purgative, cooling, diuretic & febrifuge.
Forms of Use
It is found that pineapple juice contains 4.3% of total sugar. However, the sugar content of juice varies from 8-15% and the acid content from 0.3-0.9%.
After harvesting, the fruit is carefully graded according to size and maturity and packed in boxes or crates for transport. Mature green fruits keep well for about a month at room temperature. A large part of the crop is canned. The pineapple juice from the trimmings, after treatment with lime, is used for the canning syrup. In some cases, however, the appearance of the canned fruit suffers slightly on account of removal of the deep set eyes and the fibrous nature of the flesh. The trimmings can be converted into pineapple jam, or pineapple syrup of good taste and flavour. The syrup can be blended with other fruit juices to produce fruit beverages.
(i) Fresh pineapple juice contains bronelin, an enzyme which aids digestion. This is destroyed on heating to 65° and above.
(ii) Pineapple juice is found to be very refreshing and cooling. It tones up body systems.
(iii) It is also anthelmintic in nature.
(iv) Pineapple juice from unripe fruits acts as violent purgative.
(v) It is also an abortifacient.
(vi) To get rid of indigestion, sprinkle black pepper & salt over small pieces of anannas and take 3-4 times in a day.
(vii) To get rid of swelling over the body, take one full ripe anannas daily for 1 5 days.
(viii) To get rid of stones, use anannas juice daily for 15 days and, if required, one month.
(ix) Fresh juice is diuretic, diaphoretic, aperient and helps in
the digestion of albuminous substances.
(x) Juice of the unripe anannas is acrid, styptic, powerful
(xi) Fruit juice is given to ally-soothing gastric irritability in fever & in jaundice.
(xii) Juice of unripe anannas shows promising antifertility property.